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Mining giants order eco friendly trains

Rio Tinto train
Rio Tinto train

Multiple resources companies will add battery power to their rail networks.

BHP, Rio Tinto and Fortescue Metals Group recently bought new battery-electric locomotives for their operations in Western Australia’s Pilbara region.

BHP ordered four battery-electric locomotives from suppliers Wabtec and Caterpillar-owned Progress Rail. The vehicles are expected to be delivered in late 2023, after which point trials will be conducted across the WA Iron Ore rail network.

Test runs between the Port Hedland Export Facility and various mine sites will examine performance, emissions reduction and regenerative braking. If the trial produces favourable results it will support the company’s plan to replace 180 diesel-powered locomotives with a completely electric fleet. The business hopes this will reduce WA iron ore diesel-related carbon emissions by about 30 per cent a year.

“The FLXdrive battery-electric locomotive represents the future of sustainable rail operations. The rail and mining industries are on the cusp of technological advancements to equip customers with zero-emission locomotive fleets,” Wabtec freight president Rogerio Mendonca said in a public statement.

“The FLXdrive is a major step toward eventually achieving that vision. It will provide BHP with the tractive effort, fuel savings, emissions reductions and reliability to cost effectively run their rail operations.”

Rio separately ordered four 7MWh FLXdrive battery-electric trains from Wabtec, and hopes to start WA trials sometime in early 2024. Locomotives will be recharged at purpose-built stations and integrated into the company’s existing AutoHaul system. The proponent hopes to halve carbon emissions within six years.

“Battery-electric locomotives offer significant potential for emissions reduction in the near term as we seek to reduce our scope one and two carbon emissions in the Pilbara by 50 per cent by 2030,” Rio managing director of port, rail and core services Richard Cohen said in a public statement.

Fortescue is buying two, eight-axle battery electric trains with a 14.5 megawatt hour energy capacity. First delivery is expected during 2023.

“Our green team has made outstanding progress in their mission to transform Fortescue’s trains, trucks, ships and other mobile equipment to operate on zero pollution fuels as soon as possible, and the purchase of these new battery powered locomotives complements this work,” Fortescue chief executive Elizabeth Gaines said in a public statement.

“The new locomotives will cut our emissions while also reducing our fuel costs, and our overall operational expense, through lower maintenance spend.”

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AMSJ April 2022