Rio Tinto was joined on Friday by representatives from the government of Western Australia and lead project technology partner Hitachi Rail STS to celebrate the successful deployment of AutoHaul ™, the world’s first automated heavy-haul long-distance rail network.
Rio says that AutoHaul™ trains also firmly positioned Western Australia and its heavy-haul rail industry as a global leader in the joint development and application of rail technology.
Autonomous trains reduce risks
Rio says that autonomous trains improve safety through reduced risk at level crossings and automated responses to speed restrictions and alarms. AutoHaul™ also removes the need for almost 1.5 million kilometres of road travel per year previously required to transport drivers to and from trains mid-journey.
It says that all locomotives are fitted with AutoHaul™ safety systems including:
- Collision Detection Systems (CDS)
- Automatic Train Protection (ATP) technology controls train speed to ensure adherence to speed limits
- An on-board video camera to record the front view from the train.
The 2.4 kilometre long trains are monitored remotely from an operations centre in Perth and travel across a vast network of 1,700 kilometres of track, delivering iron ore from 16 mines to ports in Dampier and Cape Lambert.
Rio says that the trains have now safely travelled more than 4.5 million kilometres autonomously since they were first deployed last year.
The AutoHaul project collaboration involved companies from Japan, US and Australia. These include Hitachi Rail, Calibre, New York Air Brake, Wabtec and others who provided the necessary expertise, innovation and software to make AutoHaul a success. Several of these partners maintain a strong presence in WA and have committed to continuing to invest locally.
Project is great for the future of Western Australia
Rio Tinto Iron Ore managing director Rail, Port & Core Services Ivan Vella said the deployment of AutoHaul™ is a reflection of the incredible pioneering spirit of the project team and its valued partners.
“The success of AutoHaul™ would not have been possible without the expertise, collaboration and dedication of teams within Rio Tinto and our numerous partners. I’d also like to commend our train driving workforce for their support and professionalism during the transition period.
“This project has cemented Western Australia as a leader in the heavy-haul rail industry and has attracted interest from around the world. The successful deployment of the world’s first heavy-haul long distance rail network demonstrates the potential for significant further improvement in such operations with others around the world looking to replicate.”
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WA Minister for Mines and Petroleum Bill Johnston said the AutoHaul ™ project is a world-first and an example of the strength of Western Australia’s resources industry, which continues to excel in technology and innovation.
“I’d like to congratulate Rio Tinto, Hitachi and all the other project partners for their hard work and dedication over the past decade to delivering this project, which really cements our State as a global leader in rail technology.
“AutoHaul™ has brought the rail freight industry in this country into the 21st century and is rightfully the subject of global interest. I’d also like to mention that the development of the world’s biggest robot is such a success because of the contribution from Western Australia’s skilled engineers and innovative workers.”
Michele Fracchiolla, President Americas and APAC Business Unit, Hitachi Rail STS said: “Hitachi Rail STS is extremely proud of the lead technical and delivery role it played in enabling the deployment of the world’s first fully-autonomous heavy haul, long-distance rail operation.”
“This is a new technical benchmark for the freight rail industry worldwide and the result of a long-established and collaborative partnership between Rio Tinto and Hitachi Rail STS. Now that the trains are running autonomously, the levels of continuous improvement that can be achieved in safety, operational efficiency and sustainability are endless, and we look forward to continuing to collaborate with Rio Tinto to enhance the AutoHaul™ system.”
Early results from the deployment of AutoHaul™ highlight the technology’s potential to improve productivity, increase flexibility and reduce bottlenecks in Rio Tinto’s iron ore system.
Rio says its’ Pilbara operations are being transformed to flex in line with market conditions and AutoHaul™ is a vital component in increasing flexibility and safety in the system.
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